The resolv.conf file is the resolver configuration file. It is use to configure client side access to the Internet Domain Name System (DNS). This file defines which name servers to use.
The resolver is a set of routines in the C library that provide access to the Internet Domain Name System (DNS). The resolver configuration file contains information that is read by the resolver routines the first time they are invoked by a process. The file is designed to be human readable and contains a list of keywords with values that provide various types of resolver information
Note: File name is /etc/resolv.conf and not /etc/resolve.conf.
Sample resolv.conf file
Following is an example of resolv.conf file:
- search domain.com: The search list is normally determined from the local domain name; by default, it contains only the local domain name. So when you type nslookup www, it will be matched to www.cyberciti.biz
- nameserver Name-server-IP-address: Point out to your your own nameserver or to ISP's name server. Up to 3 name servers may be listed.
But how do I edit the /etc/resolv.conf file?
Use text editor such as vi or gedit from Linux desktop:
# vi /etc/resolv.conf
Default /etc/resolv.conf file
Following file should be work with any ISP in the world :)
# cat /etc/resolv.conf
nameserver 126.96.36.199 nameserver 188.8.131.52
For more information see How to Setup Linux as DNS client.